- 1814 -
French Revolution is a significant event that changed the course of history. Undoubtedly, this set of events had a profound effect on the current world order. However, if we examine the decades after the Revolution, we observe that Europe came to the brink of chaos as terror reigned over the continent, and the old order confronted existential crises because of the rising nationalism and violent revolutions. These revolutions and ideologies made the people quite unsure about what makes a ruler legitimate: divine ordainment or the consent of the governed.
After the French Revolution, the forces of nationalism swept away the old map of Europe under the banner of Napoleon. However, the life-span of these forces was not long enough. By 1814, against a concerted attack by the European monarchs, Napoleon was defeated, and the representatives of these monarchs met in Vienna in September 1814. The reason for the “Congress of Vienna” was not only to arrange a final peace settlement after the Napoleonic wars but also to make sure that the old traditional institutions and monarchies will be conserved against the violent upheavals of the nineteenth century.
Participants in the Congress of Vienna were expected to protect and re-establish the “conservative order” in Europe against the new ideologies of “nationalism” and “liberalism” that ravaged the continent’s old order. They will operate under tensions of constant upheaval and the delicate balance of power. These representatives knew that if this balance were to be broken again, the continent would be dragged into a state of full-scale warfare. Thereupon, they had managed to keep this new system of peace until 1914, up to the Great War that not only ravaged Europe but the world.
Agenda Item: Open Agenda
This committee is apt for experienced delegates.